- Four keys to understand the conflict between Russia and Ukraine
- Ukraine asks to expel Russia from the international banking network to stop Putin
In recent months Moscow has once again unleashed a major crisis in Eastern Europe by concentrating some 100,000 soldiers along the Ukrainian borders. And although at first the idea that President Putin really intended to invade the neighboring country was quite preposterous, Russia's latest moves have put the former Soviet republic and NATO on notice of a possible invasion.
Russia refuses to accept Ukraine's rapprochement with NATO and the European Union, since it considers this country as part of its area of influence and of Russian identity.
The origin of the conflict
In November 2013, the Ukrainian president Victor Yanukovych
, suspends the signing of an association agreement with the European Union due to pressure from the Russian government, which offered significant economic compensation in exchange for this break with the European body.
This leads to major protests against the Government, which continue until month of February, when the state security forces end the lives of about 100 protesters .
The death of these people leads the Ukrainian people to great indignation, which forces Yanukovych to flee the country. At the same time, in the capital of the Crimean peninsula, Simferopol, pro-Russian militants begin to confront supporters of the unity of Ukraine
. Russia, for its part, infiltrates Russian soldiers into the territory to force the annexation of the former Soviet republic.
A referendum will be held in Crimea on March 16 to decide whether the peninsula remains a Ukrainian territory or ends up passing to Russian control. Russia annexation wins with more than 97% of the vote amid accusations of fraud. On March 18, Putin signs the incorporation of Crimea into his territory, a fact that the international community does not recognize.
At that moment, NATO stops collaborating with Moscow and the EU imposes sanctions on the Kremlin.
In the months of April and May, the events that occurred in Crimea begin to be replicated in the Donbass region, when Donetsk and Lugansk separatist groups proclaim themselves 'people's republics' and ask to form part of the Russian territories. Thus, eastern Ukraine becomes the scene of the last European war, which confronts pro-Russian separatists, with the support of the Moscow army, and the Ukrainian Army.
On September 5, 2015, Ukraine, Russia and the separatists sign an agreement in Minsk to end the war and a ceasefire that hardly lasts a week comes into effect.
Finally, on December 10, 2019, Putin and the Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky
agree in Paris to resume the peace process in Ukraine and in July 2020 Kiev and the Donbass separatists agree to recover the truce.
2021 and 2022
At the end of March 2021, the ukrainian president approves the decision taken in the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine (SNBO) to implement a strategy that allows to strengthen the country's military potential with a view to an eventual entry into NATO and with the declared objective of recovering Crimea and control over the rebel territory of Donbass.
Russia then begins to move troops to its borders with Ukraine and to the Crimean peninsula.
On 23 August 46 States and organizations, including NATO, financed in Kiev the Crimean Platform, in which the West demands that Russia return the peninsula to Ukraine.
In December Russia continues to send troops to the border, and the EU threatens to impose “brutal sanctions” if it ends up invading Ukraine.
In January 2022, the US believes that Russia is planning 'false flag' operations in Ukraine, such as acts of sabotage or violent attacks , to create pretexts that justify a possible invasion of the neighboring country.
«Russia has predisposed a group of operatives to carry out what we call a 'false flag' operation, designed to look like an attack against them or against Russian-speakers in Ukraine and that it will be an excuse to enter the country ”, assured the main Pentagon spokesman, John Kirby.
Only one day before these statements, During the early hours of Thursday, January 13 to Friday, January 14, a massive cyberattack collapsed Ukraine's government portals with threatening messages: “Be afraid and expect the worst”.