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Negotiation against the clock is resumed to save nuclear deal with Iran

The negotiation to try save the 2015 agreement that prevented that Iran could develop atomic weapons in the short term is resumed tomorrow, Monday, in Vienna under the feeling that the time of the negotiation is ending.

These contacts have a double objective: that United States return to the pact, which was left in 2018 during the presidency of Donald Trump, and that Iran comply with the limits to its nuclear program that it accepted at the time and that it has not complied with for some time.

This eighth round of contacts will bring China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom and Iran , under the coordination of Enrique Mora, political director of the European External Action Service .

In addition, Washington participates in contacts indirectly, but with one of high-level legation in Vienna, as Iran still refuses face-to-face negotiations.

A brief chance

Last day 17 , by announcing a pause in the negotiation, at the request of Iran , Mora has already warned that the time to reach an agreement is running out, and encrypted the expiration of that window of opportunity in “weeks”.

In the almost three weeks that the previous round of contacts lasted the positions of the new, more conservative Iranian Government were incorporated into the documents that had already been agreed in June, when the negotiation was paralyzed for months.

The UK, Fra ncia and Germany initially denounced these new positions as a step backward, although they have finally agreed to discuss them.

However, the Europeans warned that “Iran's nuclear program is today more advanced than ever” and that it is essential that Iran stop taking further steps in that direction.

By the 2015 agreement, Tehran agreed to reduce the scale of its nuclear program so that it would be impossible to develop an atomic weapon in the short term, in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions that choke its economy

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Trump unilaterally abandoned the agreement in 2018 and reimposed sanctions , and a year later Iran began to jump the limits imposed on its program, enriching more uranium and of higher quality, to the point that there are experts who believe that it is close to having enough fuel nuclear power to make a bomb. The United States is willing to return to the pact, and participates in the Vienna contacts indirectly.

The great obstacle is how to accompany the lifting of sanctions , which Iran wants to be general and immediate, with Tehran's compliance with the limits to its atomic program .

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