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The Ministry of Science and Innovation has opened this Monday the process of hearing and public information of the bill that modifies the Science Law of 2011. In the last draft of the draft, the Ministry has modified the so-called 'tenure track', a contractual figure which was opposed by trade unions and the scientific community.
The 'tenure track' contractual model, used in the United States, Canada and More recently in European countries such as Germany, Switzerland or Italy, it was one of the 'star' measures of former Minister Pedro Duque. This type of figure consists of a four-year labor contract with the possibility of becoming permanent after passing a final external evaluation, and which would be subject to the Public Employment Offer (OPE).
However, this measure was highly criticized by unions such as CSIF or CC.OO., considering that this figure of Recruitment does not end with precariousness, since it does not guarantee that the position will be permanent because it would be subject to the job offer and, in addition, it would imply the elimination of other civil servant scales included in the current legislation.
The new preliminary draft presented by his successor, Diana Morant, has eliminated this figure but instead introduces a postdoctoral itinerary of «stable incorporation into the system» which is, precisely, «inspired» in said 'tenure track' model. Sources from the Ministry assure that this figure is modified in order to improve the scientific career. to the system, the duration of the contract will be between 3 and 6 years, with extensions of at least one year. In addition, it establishes that situations of “temporary disability, birth, adoption, guardianship for the purpose of adoption, foster care, risk during pregnancy or risk during lactation, gender-based or terrorist violence”, will interrupt the calculation of the term limit of the contract. , as well as its evaluation.
This model of contract consists of research staff with postdoctoral contracts in public universities, Public Organizations of Research (OPI), foundations or public consortiums, may opt for an evaluation of the research activity from the end of the second year of the contract, in order to achieve stabilization in the system, that is, after having passed said evaluation , the research staff will obtain a certification as an “established researcher”, which will also lead to salary improvements.
Furthermore, passing this test will exempt them from to perform parts of the tests to access the public system, and a minimum of 15% of the replacement rate will be reserved for this type of contract in the Public Job Offers (OPE) in the universities and 25% in the OPI.
Also for this type of contract, a compensation for end of contract is proposed (from new contracts). In this case, the researcher will have the right to receive “compensation of an amount equivalent to that provided for fixed-term contracts in article 49 of the revised text of the Workers' Statute Law.”
On the other hand, the draft incorporates a new indefinite contract for «all types of research personnel» who carry out scientific-technical activities.
«The contracts of scientific-technical activities, of indefinite duration, may be linked to the existence of external funding or funding from calls for public aid in competitive competition associated with them during their validity”, states the text, which specifies that these “will not form part of the Public Employment Offer».
The new draft, which must now seek the opinion of people with an interest in the regulatory project , also re knows the right to compensation of these predoctoral researchers. The text proposes “compensation equivalent to twelve days of salary per year of service, prorating by months periods of time less than one year.”
Likewise, the draft defines a career for technical personnel and redesigns the distinguished researcher's contract, limiting it to the management of human teams or management of scientific and technological centers, facilities and programs.