- The ultra-left Boric will be president of Chile when he wins in the second round
His first words to greet the crowd that awaited him in the center of Santiago were in Mapudungun, the language of the Amerindian people of the Mapuches. In this way, the leftist Gabriel Boric, elected president of Chile by a large majority, marked the seal of his future government.
In an exciting locution, interrupted by shouts demanding the freedom of “prisoners to fight,” and In which he said to assume with responsibility and humility the mandate that the Chilean people gave him, Boric asked them to “take care of this triumph.”
With 99.95% of the polls scrutinized, Boric obtained 55.87% of the preferences, almost 11 points over the candidate of the Christian Social Front, the right-wing José Antonio Kast, who obtained 44.13% of the votes.
«I will be a president who takes care of the democracy and not whoever exposes it, “he said, perhaps as a way to allay the fears that exist due to the fact that the majority partner of the I Approve Dignity pact is the Communist Party, which returns to the power of his hand. Boric belongs to the Broad Front, a community of movements and parties whose simile is Podemos.
After a quiet day, where in the most great locomotion problems were registered, Boric became the President with the most votes in history of the voluntary vote and the youngest to occupy that charge. The figures indicate that one million more Chileans went to the polls compared to the first round of November 21 and even the constitutional plebiscite of October 2020. That is, more than 8 million 320 thousand voters, which corresponds to more than one 55% of the electoral roll, of about 15 million people.
When speaking to his supporters, the Frente Amplio deputy assured that he will work to achieve economic growth and a fair distribution of wealth to be able to solve social demands focused on access to health, housing, quality public education, pensions, security and respect for human rights.
“We are a generation that emerges demanding that social rights be rights and not consumer goods,” he pointed out.
Boric, next, pointed out that “not everything can be done at the same time, must be prioritized to make progress. A government does not advance alone, b pole of enlightened despotism, with us the people enter La Moneda. ”
The elected president also took charge of one of the difficulties that will have to face: a very fragmented Chamber of Deputies and a tied Senate. In this regard, he assured that “we will have a balanced Congress, which is an invitation to dialogue; I see it as an opportunity to reach agreements ».
He also mentioned one of the issues that he took up in the second round by stating that one should “reject political violence.” In the middle of his speech, the crowd began to chant “freedom, freedom, to the prisoners for fighting”, referring to the members of the front line who are detained for the excesses since October 19, 2019.
The winner assured that he has spoken with his families and “we are clear about what we have to do” and added that they will not tire of seeking “truth, justice, reparation and non-repetition” of human rights violations in protests by the police. After the first round, Boric said did not agree with issuing pardons to those who burned and looted in the outbreak.
This issue will be present in his government and, in fact, after knowing his triumph, some protesters placed a large poster with the same demand on the iconic tree from the city of Punta Arenas, where Boric was born and where he got on at the beginning of his campaign.
Boric thanked the Servel for the “impeccable, efficient, impartial and fair work” of the day that allowed to know the results, almost final, an hour and a half from starting the count.
Early the candidate of the Christian Social Front acknowledged his defeat and reported on Twitter that he had already called Boric by phone to congratulate him. «From today he is the elected president of Chile and deserves all our respect. He won in a very good fight, “he said.
Gabriel Boric followed all the Republican traditions of an election day. He held a televised teleconference with Sebastián Piñera, who suggested that he balance the strength and impetus of youth with the necessary prudence in the responsibility of governing. Today, first thing in the morning, Piñera will receive the winner at his home for breakfast.
Later he received in his command Kast who affirmed in his defeat speech that Chile is an extraordinary country and “deserves the best of us.” In thanking his followers, he pointed out that the political balance reached in Congress “is going to do Gabriel Boric good to govern.”
The militant candidate of Social Convergence obtained almost a million more votes than Kast, reaching 4 million 600 thousand votes. With this he surpassed the previous president with the most votes in democracy: Eduardo Frei in 1993, the last elected in the first round.
The difference between the two candidates defeated Kast's idea of resorting to the electoral tribunal, Tricel, if the counts separated them by less than 50 thousand votes ; Boric surpassed him by almost a million votes.
During the night, the Chileans gathered en masse to celebrate in the squares of different cities , especially in the well-known Plaza Baquedano de Santiago, the epicenter of protests since the social outbreak of October 2019.
A millennial who was moderating
Definitely, Gabriel Boric was an unlikely candidate. At the beginning of the year he was not even old enough to run for the Presidency because he just turned 35 in February.
It was also unlikely because the leftist candidate leading the polls was the communist Daniel Jadue whom he defeated by more than 400 thousand votes in the presidential primaries.
Already in the past he had defeated another communist, the current deputy Camila Vallejos, from whom he took the presidency of the Student Federation of the University of Chile, when she was a law student. In 2009 he became known for leading a 44-day strike to overthrow the dean, which he succeeded. However, his time at that school was not crowned with a success: he does not yet have the professional title because he was failed in the degree exam.
In 2011, together with other university leaders, he led the protests against the first Piñera government and in 2014 he broke into Congress with them when he was elected as a deputy by Magallanes.
He has recognized that his only job has been to be a teaching assistant at the aforementioned school, since he effectively jumped from the classroom to politics .
Single, he has been in a relationship for two years with Irina Karamanos, a social scientist with studies in education, anthropology, cultural management and civic training, also a native like him from the southernmost region of Chile, Magallanes. She has been very supportive in times when Boric's health has been affected. In October, he revealed on Twitter that they had “voluntarily admitted” to treat an Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, OCD, a disease he defined as “highly invasive thoughts, which force certain repetitive actions that are difficult to fight”.
«OCD is not just being tidy, very concerned about cleanliness or the cartoon that some movies have done lately. It is a permanent battle with the mind, which can affect daily life and is very exhausting. Fortunately, there is also a solution, “he explained in his publication.
The candidate spent his childhood and adolescence in the cold city of Punta Arenas, in which his teachers from the paid private school The British School remember him as a great reader of poetry, philosophy, history and politics.
During the campaign, Kast gave him a series of interventions in the past of which he says today he regrets, such as when he claimed “the legacy” of the terrorist group Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez or celebrated a t-shirt that they gave him where the face of a right-wing senator appeared shot and that he was assassinated in 1991, at the beginning of democracy. On them he affirmed in the campaign that they were a “mistake” and asked for forgiveness.
Also, in his legislative career, he has had to repent of Controversial votes that his supporters have asked him how to give their support for the so-called anti-barricade law to be enacted, which penalizes masked people who protest, among others.